Dairy production has been recognised as a strategy to wealth creation and overcoming the worsening problems of poverty, unemployment, malnutrition, and hunger a number of the resource-poor households in developing countries. Even if the demand for dairy products is ever increasing, bettering the production efficiency of dairy cattle to satisfy the demand is the biggest challenge faced by developing countries. In Kenya for example, different breeding strategies have been employed to enhance the productivity of dairy cattle. Alternatively, the choice of these strategies has ceaselessly been done without due regard to their genetic and economic efficiency. This study due to this fact examined the genetic and economic efficiency of breeding strategies involving utilization of local and imported genetic materials to enhance dairy cattle productivity in Kenya the usage of a deterministic approach. Such evaluations are inevitable when an efficient and sustainable improvement breeding programme is to be developed. This book is due to this fact, developed to provide information on genetic and economic merits of different breeding strategies in terms of their adoption for genetic improvement of dairy cattle in Kenya.